“The Danish Robotics Cluster: The Role of the Public Sector in the Development of a Competitive Industrial Cluster”
Julian Lamberty and Jeppe Nevers (University of Southern Denmark)
The question of the role of the state and the public sector in the creation of competitive clusters and innovation systems has drawn increased attention in recent years. Drawing on Mariana Mazzucato’s concept of “the entrepreneurial state”, this paper investigates the role of the public sector in the development of the Danish robotics cluster, a world-leading cluster for production of industrial robots: In what ways did public sector programs and actors contribute to the development of this cluster? When and in what ways did public institutions and programs facilitate entrepreneurs, and when did they function as agents and risk-takers? To answer these questions, the paper analyzes three layers of public institutions: the local level, the national level and the level of the European Union. What role did initiatives and agents at these layers play in the development of the cluster?
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